How can you tell fake news from credible news? What are the red flags?
If one or more of the following characteristics is present in a news story, it is very likely fake.
Citing survey statistics from public opinion polls that support your argument is a powerful and persuasive tool. Use simple Keyword terms to search this site!
Did that politician really steal money from the poor?? Will opening that email really give my computer a virus?? In today's always-on, socially-connected world, fact-checking is more relevant than ever. Start with these six vetted sources:
Great way to visualize the spread of fake news and discover its biggest sources.
* Example: Results from a search for Clintons pedophile
Tired of Google's overkill? Tame it! Use the site: operator! Here's how:
Type site:gov OR site:org OR site:edu
Then add your search terms to make Google only give you back results from government, organizational, or college/university sites.
Ex. site:gov childhood obesity statistics
Use the C.R.A.A.P. Test to determine whether or not a website is credible.
Currency: The timeliness of the information.
When was the information published or posted?
Has the information been revised or updated?
Does your topic require current information, or will older sources work as well?
Are the links functional?
Relevance: The importance of the information for your needs.
Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
Who is the intended audience?
Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. not too elementary or advanced for your needs)?
Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is one you will use?
Would you be comfortable citing this source in your research paper?
Authority: The source of the information.
Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations?
Is the author qualified to write on the topic?
Is there contact information, such as a publisher or email address?
Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source?
examples: .com .edu .gov .org .net
Accuracy: The reliability, truthfulness and correctness of the content.
Where does the information come from?
Is the information supported by evidence?
Has the information been reviewed or refereed?
Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge?
Does the language or tone seem unbiased and free of emotion?
Are there spelling, grammar or typographical errors?
Purpose: The reason the information exists.
What is the purpose of the information?
Is it to inform, teach, sell, entertain or persuade?
Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?
Is the information fact, opinion or propaganda?
Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?
Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional or personal biases?
When you click on a potentially fake news story, what questions should you be asking yourself?
Take a look at this succinct, yet incredibly useful guide from the Albuquerque and Bernalillo County Public Library: Lets check a claim!