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First International Track Meet for Women: Great Britain

First International Track Meet for Women, August 20, 1922, in Paris, France.

Great Britain's Team

Source: https://blog.oup.com/2012/07/olympic-lives-odnb-britain-london-2012/

Meet the Great Britain Team

Hilda M. Hatt was born on 28 April 1903. Her parents were Charles John William and Sarah Elizabeth  Walker Hatt. Hilda attended the Gordon School, and Elthan and Woolwich Polytechnic trade school. Hilda worked as a clerk. She completed internationally until 1930. On 3 January 1952, Hilda married Frederick William Bryant. In 1968, a widow, Hilda married Ronald Ernest Barrow. Hilda Hatt Barrow died on 10 June 1975, in London. 

Nora Callebout was born on 29 April 1895. In 1917, she earned a degree in mathematics from Holloway College, at the University of London. In  1923, she earned a M.A. Nora Callebout married Mr. Coates. 

Florence E. Birchenough was born in Acton, West London, on 13 January 1894. She was the daughter of Arthur William and Elizabeth Anne Buckley Birchenough. She attended Haberdashers Aske School in Acton then the University of London and Goldsmith College.   Florence was a founding member of the Women's Amateur Athletic Association in 1922.  Florence was Captain of the British team that participated in the 1926 Women's World Games. On 20 August 1932, Florence married Henry Jacck Millichap, of the Polytechnic Harriers.  Florence Birchenough Millichap died in London, on 3 July 1973. 

Sophie Elliot Lynn was born Sophie Peirce Evans in Knockaderry,County Limerick, Ireland, on 10 November 1896. She earned a degree in science from the University of Dublin. Before she was 29, she had been married and widowed. She was a key force in founding the Engliand's Women's Amateur Athletic Association in 1922. She competed in the high jump, 100 meter, 200-meter, and javelin. Sophie set the European record for the javelin in June 1924. She wrote Athletics For Women and Girls: How to be an Athlete and Why in 1925. The book was based on papers she presented to the International Olympic Committee in 1925, and the preface is a talk she gave that was also broadcast by the BBC on April 9, 1925. She was also a pioneering aviator. Lady Heath qualified for private, or A license, but the International Commission for Air Navigation revolked women's rights to earn a commercial, or B license, in 1924. Lady Heath fought the band and the commission agreed that if she attended flight school and passed the test, she would be granted a commercial license. She did in 1926 and the commission recinded the ban. She became the first woman to fly solo from CapeTown, South Africa to London in 1927-28. She went on publicity tours in England and in the United States. In 1928 she was received by President and Mrs. Cooledge. An interesting story from that flight is that when she requested the British Air Ministry for a plane to lead her across the Mediterranean sea, she was denied. Not to be defeated, she asked Benito Mussolini for an escort plane. He agreed on the condition that she share her experiences with him. In failing health in her last years, Lady Heath was destitute when she died.

See A Proper Spectacle: Women Olympians 1900-1936 by Stephanie Daniels and Anita Tedder; "Heath, Lady Sophie Mary" in Encyclopedia of Women in Aviation and Space by Rosanne Welch, 1998; London Times,

Ivy Lowman was born on 25 November 1898. She was a 200 m. and high jumper. She completed in the high jump in the 1922, 1923, and 1924 WAAC campionships in London. She won the event in 1922. She also completed in the 1922 200 meter race at Waddon. 

Mary Lines was born in London, England, on 3 December 1893. Mary's parents were Edward John and Emily Florence Smith Lines. In 1911, Mary was employed as a dressmaker. Mary took physical education classes at Regent Street Polytechnic and worked as a waitress. She joined the London Olympiades Club and was coached by Joe Palmer. In 1923, Mary worked as a clerk at Schweppes. Mary Lines held eight World records in six events from 1921 - 1923. Mary Lines retired from competition in 1924. On December 14, 1935, Mary Lines married Victor Stanley Smith.  Victor Smith died in 1946. In 1971, Mary moved from London to Worthing to live with her two sisters. In December 1978, Mary was killed while crossing the street to mail her Christmas cards. Mary is considered "the best female athlete of her era."(Bonini, Gherardo. International Encyclopedia of Womeand Sports,2001, vol.2, page 669).

Alice Cast set the World's record in the 200 meters in 1922.

Phyllis Hall competed in the 1,000 meters. 

Daisy Leach

Mary Hughes

Daisy Wright

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