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Disaster and Emergency Management

How To Cite Your Sources

You will most likely be using APA (American Psychological Association) Style. Use the examples below as a helpful guide.

Also, please note you will be expected to format your citation properly (ie. use a "hanging indent"). There is a quick video which shows you how to do very easily do this.

How to cite:

Video: How To Create A Hanging Indent (MS Word 2013)

How to cite an article from a library database (such as Academic Search Complete or Criminal Justice Abstracts)

The easiest way to do this is to let the database do it for you. Seriously! :-) Here's how:

Once you've accessed the full article, click the circled icon. (It will say "Cite"). 

A box will pop up that has an alphabetized list of all citation styles, complete with the full, ready-made citation; scroll down a bit and you'll see APA. Feel free to copy and paste that into your source list. 

And no worries, this is not cheating. By using the database's citation generator tool, you are not violating academic integrity. These tools were meant to be used in this way, and your instructors understand this. 

However, you may have used a database that does not have a citation generator tool. If this is the case, you can follow this example:

Author, A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Publication, Vol.#(Issue #), page range. 

Rataj, T. (2014). Video gets personal with body-worn cameras. Blue Line Magazine26(8), 38-39.

How to cite a web page/site 

  • Web Page or Site
    List as much of the following information as possible (you sometimes have to hunt around to find the information; don't be lazy. If there is a page like, and somepage.htm doesn't have the information you're looking for, move up the URL to" - OWL at Purdue

    Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year, Month Day)Title of document. Retrieved from http://Web address

    Barak, A., & Sutherland, A. (2014, December 23). First scientific report shows police body-worn-cameras can
            prevent unacceptable use-of-force. Retrieved from

  • Data Report from a website (ie. tables, charts, statistics)
    Name of Agency/Organization. (Year). Title of document [Data file]. Retrieved from

    Federal Emergency Management Agency. (2006). Summary report on building performance: Hurricane Katrina
     [Data file]. Retrieved from   

  • Online Newspaper Article
    Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper. Retrieved from 

    LeBlanc, C. (2015, December 19). 911 phone alert system not used to warn people of early floodwaters. The
    Retrieved from
  • Blog
    A. Lastname. (Year, Month Day). Title of document [Web log comment]. Retrieved from 

    G. Baron. (2016, February 6). Chemical safety board findings show critical importance of ICS [Web log 
    . Retrieved from